652nd Guards Bryansko-Berlinskiy Red Banner Missile Regiment
652-й гвардейский ракетный Брянско-Берлинский Краснознаменный полк
Military Unit: 21555; from 3.53: 82735
Activated 5.52 in Kapustin Yar, Astrakhan Oblast, as the 3rd Launch Battalion of the 54th Brigade for Special Use RVGK.
3.53 renamed the 651st independent Engineer Battalion, now under the 85th Engineer Brigade RVGK.
4.57 transferred to Manzovka, Primorskiy Kray, and 4.59 renamed 652nd Engineer Regiment RVGK, now attached to the ShRCh (Staff of Reactive Parts) - later transferred to Lyalichi, Primorskiy Kray.
1.7.60 renamed 652nd Guards Missile Regiment, now under the 45th Missile Division.
The first battalion stood down in 1967 (four R-5M pads), and converted to the R-12 missile instead (missiles came from the 132nd Missile Regiment) - alert duty from 1967.
An additional four R-12 (SS-4) pads were constructed at the Kremovo launch site in late 1967, making it an unsual eight R-12 pads at one site. The additional pads were probably manned by a new 3rd battalion, co-located with the first battalion (once again, the missiles came from the 132nd Missile Regiment).
All three battalions stood down in 1970 (twelve R-12 pads), and the regiment was disbanded.
US designation: Kremovo MRBM complex (Kremovo and Lyalichi launch sites). Type I (pad) sites.
Kremovo launch site (pre-1967) with 4 R-12 pads (44 01 40N, 132 19 59E):
Lyalichi launch site with 4 R-12 pads (44 02 41N, 132 26 28E):
One alternative fixed field site for the pad launchers, were set up at Manzovka (44 12 18N, 132 34 02E).