244th independent Engineering & Test Unit
244-я отдельная инженерно-испытательная часть
Military Unit: 49566
Activated 5.2.80 in Leninsk, Kzyl-Orda Oblast, under the 2nd Test Department, Baikonur Test Center (5th NIIP).
The units main tasks was missile/complex tests and orbital launches with the 11K77 (Zenit-2) launcher.
1982 transferred to the 5th Test Department.
30.11.89 transferred to the 1st Center for Test and Application of Space Means.
Baikonur Test Center - Site 45 (45 56 29N, 63 39 14E)
two 11K77 pads - built 1978-1983
11K77: first launch 13.4.85 - still in use
The No.1 pad (south) was destroyed 4.10.90 during a launch failure - not repaired
Baikonur Test Center - Site 42 (45 58 00N, 63 39 11E)
Baikonur Test Center - Site 43 (45 58 09N, 63 38 43E)