94th Missile Regiment
94-й ракетный полк
Military Unit: 18291
Activated 1.9.58 in Vypolzovo, Tver oblast, as the 258th Aviation (Missile) Regiment, from the 454th (Heavy) Bomber Aviation Regiment - directly attached to the 50th Air Army.
From 1.4.59 attached to the 25th Guards Aviation (Missile) Division, and from 1.7.60 the 23rd Guards Missile Division.
9.8.59 renamed 258th Engineer Regiment, and a day later (10.8.59) the 94th Engineer Regiment.
Relocated to Khaansalu (Estonia) in August 1959, and was finally renamed 94th Missile Regiment 1.7.60.
The regiment consisted of two battalions with each 4 R-12 (SS-4) pads.
The first battalion went on alert duty in May 1960 (the first two R-12 pads) and 1.10.60 (the remaining two R-12 pads), while the second battalion went on alert duty 1.1.61 (four R-12 pads).
The warheads for the missiles were delivered more slowly - on 1.1.61 only four R-12 were equipped with warheads (probably two missiles in each battalion), and only by April 15th 1961, were all eight missiles equipped with warheads.
The R-12 battalions stood down 25.2.78, and the regiment was disbanded 20.12.78.
US designation: Risti MRBM complex (Risti launch site 1 and 2). Type I (pad) sites.
Risti launch site 1 (59 04 05N, 24 04 24E):
Risti launch site 2 (59 06 37N, 24 06 37E):
Two alternative fixed field sites for the pad launchers, were set up at Kloostri (Kloostri 1: 59 13 00N, 24 03 00E and Kloostri 2: 59 16 15N, 24 01 00E), but had become inactive by 1967.