Jagdgeschwader 27

The last mission of Hans-Joachim Marseille (provided by Philippe Gensou)

Geschwaderkommodore:

Stab:

Formed 1.10.39 in Münster-Handorf.

Bases:

I. Gruppe:

Formed 1.10.39 in Münster-Handorf with:

Stab I./JG27 new
1./JG27 new
2./JG27 new
3./JG27 new

14./JG27 was formed 12.6.44 from parts of II./JG77, and was attached to the Gruppe between 12.6.44 - 15.8.44. On 15.8.44 increased to 4 staffeln:

1./JG27 unchanged
2./JG27 unchanged
3./JG27 unchanged
4./JG27 from 14./JG27

4./JG27 was disbanded 14.2.45.

Bases:

* 2./JG27 at Evreux (1.43 - 2.43, Jafü 3), Beaumont-le-Roger (2.43 - 15.3.43, Jafü 3), Amsterdam-Schiphol (15.3.43 - 25.3.43, Jafü Holland-Ruhrgebiet) and Leeuwarden (25.3.43 - 6.43, Jafü Holland-Ruhrgebiet), and then joined Stab I. and 1./JG27 at Marignane in 6.43; 3./JG27 remained at Poix, and moved to Münster-Handorf on 29.7.43.

II. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

Formed 3.1.40 in Magdeburg-Ost with:

Stab II./JG27 new
4./JG27 new
5./JG27 new
6./JG27 new

On 15.8.44 reorganized:

5./JG27 unchanged
6./JG27 unchanged
7./JG27 from the old 4./JG27
8./JG27 formed 10.44 (new)

8./JG27 was disbanded 14.2.45.

Bases:

* 4./JG27 at Essen-Mühlheim, 20.4.40 - 24.4.40 and 3.5.40 - 9.5.40

** 5./JG27 remained at Bönninghardt until 15.5.40

*** 5./JG27 at Jever, 11.7.40 - 13.7.40; 6./JG27 at Delmenhorst, 8.7.40 - 2.8.40 and Groningen, 2.8.40 - 5.8.40

**** no aircraft from 1.7.41

***** detachment at San Pietro, 28.2.43 - 4.4.43

III. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

Formed 9.7.40 in Carquebut from I./JG1 with:

Stab III./JG27 from Stab I./JG1
7./JG27 from 1./JG1
8./JG27 from 2./JG1
9./JG27 from 3./JG1

In 6.43 8./JG27 was used to form IV./JG27 (becoming 12./JG27), and a new 8./JG27 was formed. 10./JG27 was added 3.44 from parts of 7./JG27. Between 20.5.44 and 15.6.44, 7./JG27 was known as 7. (Ersatz)/JG27. On 1.5.44 10./JG27 became 13./JG27, but still belonged to III./JG27. JG27 was reorganised on 15.8.44:

9./JG27 unchanged
10./JG27 from 13./JG27
11./JG27 from the old 8./JG27
12./JG27 from the old 7./JG27

Bases:

* a detachment served at Kastelli (as Jagdkommando Kreta), 23.3.42 - 11.42

** 8./JG27 was based at Gadurra (Rhodos), 18.1.43 - 25.2.43, and at Kastelli 2.43 - 5.43; detachment served at Athens-Tatoi 11.42 - 1.43

*** detachments served at Paramythia (9.43), Gadurra (10.43) and Malemes (10.43).

**** detachments served at Devoli, Araxos and Malemes (all 12.43).

IV. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

Formed 5.43 in Kalamaki with 10. - 12. staffeln with:

Stab IV./JG27 new
10./JG27 new
11./JG27 new
12./JG27 from 8./JG27

15./JG27 was formed 12.6.44 and joined the Gruppe. IV./JG27 was reorganised 15.8.44:

13./JG27 from 10./JG27
14./JG27 from 12./JG27
15./JG27 from 11./JG27
16./JG27 from the old 15./JG27

IV./JG27 was disbanded on 31.3.45.

Bases:

* 10./JG27 was based at Larissa-Eleftherion during 7.43, and 12./JG27 was based at Malemes 24.5.43 - 7.43

** detachments served at Araxos, Agrinion, Maloi, Sedes, Maritsa, Gadurra, Chanea and Iraklion

*** one staffel was based at Gadurra during 10.43

**** detachments served at Tirana, Devoli, Mostar and Podgorica

10. (Jabo)/JG27:

Formed 5.5.42 in Martuba. On 1.9.42 redesignated 2./Jabogruppe Afrika.

Bases:

15. (span.)/JG27:

Staffelkapitän:

Formed 23.7.41 in Madrid as span. Jagdstaffel. The crews were transferred to Werneuchen 27.7.41 for two months of training, and moved to Moschna on 24.9.41, now as 15. (span.)/JG27. Officially disbanded 4.3.42 in Madrid.

Bases:

Ergänzungsgruppe:

Kommandeur:

Formed 13.10.40 in Guines, as Erg.Staffel/JG27. On 12.6.41 became Ergänzungsgruppe/JG27 with:

Stab of Ergänzungsgruppe/JG27 new
1. Einsatzstaffel/JG27 new
2. Ausbildungsstaffel/JG27 from Erg.Sta./JG27

Disbanded 2.2.42:

Stab of Ergänzungsgruppe/JG27 became Stab/EJGr.Süd
1. Einsatzstaffel/JG27 became 8./JG1
2. Ausbildungsstaffel became 2./EJGr.Süd

Bases:

* 1. Staffel remained in Uetersen until 1.42.



1997-2003 Michael Holm